famous monuments

Famous Monuments of the World: Are you a travel freak and enjoy exploring new places? The world is full of beauties. There are several natural ones but, humans have also created a few of the most magnificent architectural works. These man-made monuments tell many things about the history of human civilization and the skills of the ancient era.

Today, in this article, we are going to discuss the top 10 famous monuments of the world that are not to be missed if you are capable of visiting them. These monuments include both modern architectural works and a few of the finest old works. All these sites are a major attraction for tourists from all over the world and you won’t regret visiting any one of them. We have included monuments from all over the globe.

Let’s begin…

Table of Contents

Top 10 Famous Monuments of the World

Eiffel Tower

This world-famous tower was built in 1889 which is 1062 feet high. On the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the French revolution, this marvellous monument was constructed in Paris. Its construction was carried out under the supervision of Auguste Eiffel.

It has got three floors and more than 250 million tourists have visited this place since it has opened. You can reach the viewing platform of the tower either by climbing steps or the lift facility is also available. So, if you get a chance, you must visit this tower.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

This is another amazing man-made monument in the world. It is one of the most visited spots in Italy. It was constructed over a long period of time of over more than 200 years and was finally ready in 1399.

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It has got the name leaning in its name because this tower is not fully straight due to soft and unstable soil. Like many other constructions of that area, this tower also leans from one side. The actual length is 60 metres but due to leaning, now, the height of the top from the ground is only 56 metres.

In 2002, the soil below the tower was changed to provide it more strength. You have to climb 251 steps to reach the top of the tower from where you can get an amazing view.

The Great Wall of China

This is the longest wall complex in the world. Also a part of Seven Wonders of the World, this wall is 21,196 kilometres long which was completed in 1644. It is made of bricks and stones, wooden material, tiles and earth and it took around 2000 years to build this wall

It was constructed in order to protect the territory from the attacks of enemies and nomads. More than 2000 watchtowers are there on this wall and it is also visible from the space. More than 10 million people visit this place every year and it is one of the best tourist attractions in the country.

Great Pyramid of Giza

These pyramids are located in the capital of Egypt called Cairo and are among the few wonders of the ancient world which are still existing on the earth. Stones and sand were used in the construction of these pyramids and how so perfectly it was constructed at a time when there was no machine or modern equipment, is still a mystery.

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These constructions only involved human labour and the dead body of the rulers was kept inside it. Their design has astronomical significance and many other mysteries which are still being solved.

Sydney Opera House

This was designed by a Denmark’s architect and it took 14 years to build it (from 1959 to 1973). More than 1 million tiles are used to cover its rooftop which was manufactured in Sweden and its top looks like  ‘sails’. It has got many big halls and theatres where the exhibition takes place and is one of the most visited places in Australia.

Taj Mahal

It is a part of seven wonders of the world which is located in the city of Agra in Northern India. Its construction was started in 1632 by Shahjahan and it involved more than 20,000 labourers. White marble is used in its construction which were transported from various parts of Asia and for this purpose, around 1000 elephants were used.

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A number of precious stones are used in its decoration and it was built in the memories of Mumtaz Mahal- the most loved wife of Shah Jahan.

Statue of Liberty

Made up of iron and copper, this statue is around 305 metres high and a major tourist attraction in the USA. It was built in 1884 in France and then was shipped to New York as a gift from France In 1886.

There are seven rays on the Crown of the Statue which resembles the 7 continents and 24k gold is used to cover the torch’s flame.

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Machu Picchu

Also famous as the Lost City of Incas, it is located in Peru and its name means old mountain. It was built in the 14th century and the remains of the city were discovered in 1911.

There are about 200 buildings and different structures and it is located at a high altitude of about 8,000 feet. This is a great place to visit and it represents the fine skills of the engineers of Incas.

Moai Statues

These stone statues are located on an island called Easter Island(Chile). These statues, which are about nine hundred in numbers, were constructed between 1150 to 1500. Both small and big figures are there and the heaviest one measures around 82 tons. The locals believe that these structures represent their ancestors and it is also a great place to explore.

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This is the last monument in our list of the top 10 famous monuments of the world. Presently, the President of Russia resides here. It is a 500 years old complex which was built along the banks of the Moskva River in Moscow. Grand Kremlin Palace, 4 churches and 20 towers are located inside this fortress.

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